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End Notes

1. Ho, Vivian. “San Francisco boasts world’s highest salaries amid rising homelessness.” The Guardian. May 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/may/21/san-francisco-has-highest-salaries-of-any-city-in-the-world-new-survey-shows

 

2. Kalinowski, Tess. “They cook Toronto’s food, and build its houses – but can they afford to live here?”. Toronto Star. June 2019. https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2019/06/26/they-cook-torontos-food-and-build-its-houses-but-can-they-afford-to-live-here.html

 

3. Statistics Canada. “Labour Force Survey.” 2015–2019. https://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&SDDS=3701; Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. “Housing Starts, Completions and Units Under Construction (Cumulative).” 2016–2019. https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/data-and-research/data-tables/housing-starts-completions-units-under-construction-cumulative

 

4. City of Toronto. “Inclusionary Zoning Policy: Overview.” 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/city-government/planning-development/planning-studies-initiatives/inclusionary-zoning-policy/inclusionary-zoning-overview/

 

5. Crenna, C. David. “Crenna Consulting Analysis.” 2019. From Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 91-214-x2019001. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/91-214-x/2019001/tbl/tbl-1.1-eng.htm.

 

6. City of Toronto. “Affordable for who?”. March 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/908b-8e5a-Updated-Appendix-1-March-4-Income-Rent-Band.pdf

 

7. City of Toronto. “Affordable Rental Housing Program – Eligibility & Income Verification Guide.” 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/community-partners/social-housing-providers/affordable-housing-operators/affordable-rental-housing-program-eligibility-and-income-verification-guide-for-developers/

 

8. City of Toronto. “HousingTO 2020–2030 Action Plan.” November 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/ph/bgrd/backgroundfile-140651.pdf

 

9. ACORN Canada. “Affordable for Who? Redefining Affordable Housing in Toronto.” July 2018. https://acorncanada.org/sites/default/files/ACORN%20Affordable%20Housing%20Definition%20Report%20July%202018_1.pdf

 

10. ACORN Canada.

 

11. Metropolitan Council. “Local Planning Handbook Factsheet – AMI and Housing Affordability.” March 2018. https://metrocouncil.org/Handbook/Files/Resources/Fact-Sheet/HOUSING/Area-Median-Income-and-Housing-Affordability.aspx

 

12. Naidu-Ghelani, Rajeshni. “Housing affordability to worsen in 2019 even as market cools, says RBC.” CBC News. January 2019. https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/house-prices-affordability-income-1.4966211

 

13. ACORN Canada.

 

14. Westminster City Council. “Key Worker Definitions.” Summer 2006. http://www3.westminster.gov.uk/docstores/publications_store/B3_Aff_Housing_appendix_2.pdf

 

15. Canadian Centre of Economic Analysis and Canadian Urban Institute for the Affordable Housing Office of the City of Toronto. “Toronto Housing Market Analysis: From Insight to Action.” January 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/ph/bgrd/backgroundfile-124480.pdf

 

16. Moretti, Enrico. The New Geography of Jobs. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2012.

 

17. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. “Rental Market Report – Greater Toronto Area, 2018.” November 2018. https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/data-and-research/publications-and-reports/rental-market-reports-major-centres

 

18. Global Cities Business Alliance. “Housing for Inclusive Cities: the economic impact of high housing costs.” April 2016. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/psrc/pdf/gcba-housing-economic-impact-study.pdf

 

19. Toronto Foundation. “Toronto’s Vital Signs Report 2019/20: Housing.” 2019. https://torontofoundation.ca/vitalsigns-issue-2/

 

20. Toronto Foundation.

 

21. City of Toronto. “Inclusionary Zoning Assessment Report: Housing Need and Demand Analysis [Draft].” May 2019. https://www.toronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/981d-IZ-Assessment-Report-Need-and-Demand-formatted-170519-accessiblePAC.pdf

 

22. Canadian Centre of Economic Analysis and Canadian Urban Institute for the Affordable Housing Office of the City of Toronto.

 

23. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. “Drive Until You Qualify: Is the Commute Worth It?” November 2018. https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/housing-observer-online/2018-housing-observer/drive-until-you-qualify-is-commute-worth-it

 

24. Association for Governmental Lease & Finance. “An Introduction to Municipal Lease Financing: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions.” July 2000. https://aglf.memberclicks.net/assets/docs/municipal_lease_financing.pdf

 

25. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. “Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, California.” November 2018. https://www.huduser.gov/portal/publications/pdf/SanFranciscoCA-CHMA-19.pdf